fish farming business in india


The fishery has taken the form of a big industry all over the world. Fish is the second largest producer of fish in the field of fish production. In the year 2017, India exported fish of 5 billion US dollars. Apart from millions of fishermen in India, now a large number of educated youth are also attracting this job. Currently, our country is producing more than 95 lakh metric tonnes of fish annually, out of which 36 percent are being made from marine sources and 64 percent of lake and ponds.

These days, the business of fish in the case of extremely rewarding employment has made Indian youth revolutionary. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has recently announced the system for giving strong support to this profitable venture and promoting pisciculture and the welfare of the people engaged in this business while presenting the General Budget Lok Sabha. Now a fishing card will also be given to fish farmer farmers. In addition, the government is also seriously promoting organic farming. In order to meet the demand of organic fish in European countries, India has now been signed with the Swiss company to promote organic fisheries.
In order to promote organic fisheries in coastal areas of India, this agreement has been signed between retail and wholesalers, Chop Cooperative and Marine Products Export Development Authority. Initially, this pilot will be launched in Kerala under the project and if successful then it will be expanded. At present, approximately one thousand hectares of Kerala will be after the Black Tiger variety of Blogger varieties. Special food is required for organic fisheries. In this way, a small level feed mill will also be set up to prepare organic food. In addition, farmers will be given fresh training in fishery training.

Slip cooperatives operating more than 2200 outlets in European countries have previously done organic fisheries in Vietnam and farmers are benefiting from it. Organic fishermen are earning more money than traditional farming farmers here. According to A Jaitil, president of the Authority, due to the biological method, many farmers are hesitant to do so due to the cost of fisheries. Due to the agreement, farmers will get higher prices than normal fish and this will encourage fishermen. Generally, biological fish production is less compared to fish than fish, but it is very suitable for long periods. There is less risk in it. India is the largest exporter of seafood after China. During the year 2016-17, 11 lakh 34 thousand 9 48 tonnes of seafood was exported from the country. The result of the export of shrimp and frozen fish resulted in a revenue of Rs 37 thousand 870 crores.
At any rate, fish feed is becoming the most profitable business in almost every state of the country. Millions of rupees are being made annually from an acre pond with mixed fish farming. Since this work occurs only during rainy days and one crop takes twenty days. Production of three-four crops in a year is making huge earnings. Living fish in the pond, when they grow up, they are being made to earn extra profit. A pond which is very small and does not contain water for more days, it is not possible to produce large fish, but there is also a good income from producing cumin (fish seed).

In 25 days, farmers are earning 25 thousand rupees and 25,000 to 15-20 thousand annually in Nashik 25 ponds. Area of fishery should be 0.5 to 5.0 hectare and the entire year depth should be 1.5 to 2.0 meters. The biological ecology of the pond, whether the life of fish is favorable to biological activity and their production, it is necessary to understand the condition of the first dissolved oxygen content, according to the conditions of the poisonous gases and the conditions of natural food, according to proper management, they improve quality Can. It is necessary to clean the pond before adding the seeds of fish (cumin seeds).
All aquatic plants and tuna and small fish should be removed from the pond. It is good to clean and take care of the aquatic plants by keeping the workers that it can not be reproduced. To eliminate manure and rustic fish, the pond should be completely dry or poison should be used. For this, after feeding one thousand kilogram mahua in the one-acre pond, the fish becomes unconscious in two to four hours. Fish can be eaten by using 200 kg per acre of bleaching powder in water. The effects of these poisons in the water last for 10-15 days. The new technology has created a new revolution in the fishing industry.

Fisheries are creating job opportunities, increasing food supply as well as playing an important role in earning foreign exchange. There is no definite educational qualification and age limit for training in the fishing industry, but for the diploma, the candidate should be a science graduate. The diploma comes from the respective colleges related to fishery-related to the country.

Young people from small towns and villages, who are less educated, are also earning a good livelihood by the fisheries industry. The government provides loans up to Rs. 10 lakh for fish farming This money can be deposited on easy installments and low interest. By obtaining diploma or degree in the fisheries industry, young people, semi-government, autonomous bodies and state government training centers can get employment. The only institution providing fishery education in India is 'Institute of Fisheries Education' in Mumbai.
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