swachh bharat abhiyan

what is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a National Sanitation Campaign which has been established by the Government of India, under which 4041 statutory towns, roads, foot trails, and many other places come. This is a big movement under which India is to clean up completely till 2019. In this, the dream of Mahatma Gandhi's clean India has been extended for a healthy and happy life. This mission has been started on October 2, 2014 (145th birthday) on the auspicious occasion of Bapu's Birthday and is set to complete till October 2, 2019 (Bapu's 150th Birthday). Under the Ministry of Urban Development and Drinking Water and Sanitation, this campaign has been implemented in both rural and urban areas.
The first cleanliness campaign of this mission (25 September 2014) had been started by the Indian Prime Minister earlier. The purpose of this is to solve the problem of cleanliness system and also to make better sewer management across the entire country by building sanitation facilities.

swachh bharat abhiyan
swachh Bharat Abhiyan

The need of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

  • The proceedings of this mission should continue in India till the achievement of its objective. The physical, mental, social and intellectual welfare of the people of India have realized it is absolutely necessary. This is in a way to promote India's social status which can be started by bringing cleanliness to all sides. Here are some points mentioned below that show the need for Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
  • It is very necessary that every house in India needs to have toilets and also open the tendency of defecation in the open.
  • There is a need to replace the unhealthy toilets with water-sanitary toilets.
  • Cleanliness is required by the hand of the elimination of the hand.
  • Recycling and reuse of municipal waste, safe completion, implementation of sewage management in a scientific manner.
  • Changing the thinking and the nature of the people of India towards their own health and following the processes of hygiene and cleanliness.
  • To create global awareness among people living in rural areas and to connect the common people with health.
  • Helping the people working in it to control the execution of waste at the local level, helping to prepare the template.
  • Increasing the share of the private sector to develop cleanliness facility across India.
  • Make India clean and green.
  • Enhance the personal satisfaction in rural areas.
  • Enlighten the constant hygiene of communities and Panchayati Raj institutions through health education programs.
  • In fact, all this is done to make Bapu's dreams come true.

Clean India campaign in urban areas

The aim of the Swachh Bharat Mission in urban areas is to provide 2.6 lakh public toilets and 2.5 lakh community toilets to almost all 1.04 crore houses, including solid waste management in every city. The scheme for construction of community toilets has been done in residential areas where availability of personalized domestic toilets is difficult and in such places, at public places like public toilets, such as bus bases, railway stations, markets etc. There is a plan to complete sanitation program in urban areas within five years till 2019
 The cost of solid waste management is approximately Rs 7,366 crores, 1,828 crores are for public awareness, 655 crores for community toilets, 4,165 crores for private home toilets etc. Those programs which are aimed at completion- To remove the tendency of defecation in the open, change in the toilets that are unhealthy toilets in water, remove the tendency to clean with open hands, and change people's thinking; Manage solid waste.

Rural Clean India Mission

Rural Swachh Bharat Mission is an expedition to implement the cleanliness program in rural India. Nirmal Bharat Abhiyaan had been set up by the Indian Government in 1999 to clean the rural areas, but now it has been restructured as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Rural). The main objective of this is to prevent villagers from the compulsion to inhale openly, for this, the government has planned to spend one lakh fourteen thousand crore rupees for the construction of 111 million 11 lakh toilets.   It is worth noting that the government has also changed the waste into biological food and energy to be used. It has good participation in Gram Panchayat, Zilla Parishad, and Panchayat Samiti.

Following is the goal of the Clean India Mission (Rural)

  • Improve the standard of living of people living in rural areas.
  • Inspiring people to clean up rural areas to meet the goal of clean India by 2019.
  • Panchayati Raj Institutions, people group and so on should keep on inspiring the requirement for ceaseless cleaning offices.
  • Particularly focus on solid and liquid waste management in rural areas and development of advanced environmental cleanliness system which is manageable by the communities.
  • promote consistent neatness and environmental security in rural areas.


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